Abstract: Interactive Neuro-Educational Technologies (I-NET) are designed to increase the pace and efficiency of skill learning by modeling psychophysiological characteristics of expertise and developing sensor-based feedback to accelerate novice-to-expert transition.

A Pre-Shot Peak Performance (PSPP) profile was identified in experts in marksmanship, archery and golf. The PSPP is characterized by an increase in electroencephalographic (EEG) frequency bands of theta (3-7 Hz) and alpha (8-12 Hz), and a local change in heart rate in the seconds leading up to the shot/putt. The PSPP profile of expertise was then incorporated into a novel device called the Adaptive Peak Performance Trainer (APPT). The APPT integrates real-time analysis of EEG and heart rate to provide automated feedback of trainees’ psychophysiological state (in relation to the psychophysiological profile of expertise). Preliminary data indicate that marksmanship learning trajectories improve significantly when novices train with the APPT as compared to controls.

Berka, C., Behneman, A., Kintz, N., Johnson, R., and Raphael, G. (2010). Accelerated Training Using Interactive Neuro-Educational Technologies: Applications to Archery, Golf and Rifle Marksmanship. International Journal of Sport and Society, Vol. 1(4): pp. 87-104.